Mountain of Medicine Saviour of the World An English language mission of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Worshipping at St Olave's Anglican Church
360 Windermere Ave (at Bloor Street)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Saturdays at 9:30am

Directions / Contact Details

Historical Resources on Africa, Ethiopia, Its Diaspora & the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

Holy Lands and Sacred Nations - Pantelis Kalaitzidis

Ethiopia and the Origins of Civilization - John G. Jackson

Aksum: An African Civilization of Late Antiquity - Stuart Munro Hay

Foundations of an African Civilization: Aksum and the Northern Horn, 1000 BC - AD 1300 - David W. Phillipson

Ethiopia - Jean Doresse

The History of Ethiopia - Saheed A. Adejumobi

A History of Ethiopia - Harold G. Marcus

Reclaiming African History - Jacques Depelchin

Today's Ethiopia is Ethiopia of the Holy Scriptures, History and Antiquity - Resolution of the Holy Synod of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (September 1997)

The Hidden and Untold History of the Jewish People and Ethiopians - Fikre Tolossa

Book Review: The Hidden and Untold History of the Jewish People and Ethiopians - De Birhan Media (August 2012)

The Beta Israel: Falasha in Ethiopia: From Earliest Times to the Twentieth Century - Steven B. Kaplan

The Evolution of the Ethiopian Jews: A History of the Beta Israel (Falasha) to I920 - James Quirin

We, the Black Jews - Yosef A. A. ben Jochannan

Origin of the Yoruba and 'The Lost Tribes of Israel' - Dierk Lange

From Babylon to Timbuktu - Rudolph R. Windsor

The Contribution of the Orthodox Tewahedo Church to the Ethiopian Civilization - Kesis Kefyalew Merahi

Christianity in Ethiopia - Kesis Kefyalew Merahi

Christianity in Ethiopia II - Kesis Kefyalew Merahi

Christianity in Ethiopia III - Kesis Kefyalew Merahi

Early Christianity in Contexts - ed. William Tabbernee

Patriotism and Piety in Armenian Christianity: The Early Panegyrics on Saint Gregory - trans. Abraham Terian

The Orthodox Church of Ethiopia: A History - John Binns

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Orthodox Church - Ephraim Isaac

The Ethiopian Tewahedo Church: An Integrally African Church - Archbishop Yesehaq

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church: Faith, Order of Worship and Ecumenical Relations (citation)

The Establishment of the Ethiopian Church

The Introduction of Christianity

The Expansion & Consolidation of Christianity C. 350 - 650 A.D.

A Period of Conflict C. 700 - 1200 A.D.

Revival of the Church C. 1200 - 1526 A.D.

Persecution & Religious Controversies

The Ethiopian Church History: The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church vs. the Roman Catholic Church - Kesis Endale Abebe

The Period of Reorganization

The Hierarchy

Worship in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church

The Role of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Literature & Art

The Ethiopian Orthodox Church School System

Additional Resources

Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity and its Pre-Rabbinic Judaic Roots – Tedla Melaku (

Is the Church of Ethiopia a Judiac Church? - Kirsten Stoffregen Pedersen                                                                                                                                     

The Archaeology of Christianity in Africa - Niall Finneran

The Archaeology of Ethiopia - Niall Finneran

Alexandria: A City and Myth - Niall Finneran

A Tale of Five Cities: A History of the Five Patriarchal Cities of the Early Church - Jay E. Thompson

Mountain Constantines: The Christianization of Aksum and Iberia - Christopher Haas

Lalibela and Yimrehane Kirstos: The Living Witness of Zagwe Dynasty - Deacon Mengistu Gobezie

The History of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (Part 1) - Luke Melaku

The History of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (Part 2 & 3) - Luke Melaku

Chapter 15: The Ethiopian Orthodox Church - Christine Chaillot, in The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to African Religions - ed. Elias Kifon Bongmba

Beyond Byzantium: The Non-Chalcedonian Churches - Niall Finneran, in A Companion to Byzantium - ed. Liz James

The Red Sea during the 'Long' Late Antiquity, AD 500-1000 - Timothy Power (

The Red Sea from Byzantium to the Caliphate, AD 500-1000 - Timothy Power

Ethiopia and the Red Sea - Mordechai Abir

Website dedicated to Dr. Sergew Hable Selassie, author of Ancient and Medieval Ethiopian History to 1270

Ancient and Medieval Ethiopian History to 1270 - Sergew Hable Selassie

Book Review of Merse'a Hazen Wolde Qirqos' Yahayagnaw Kifil Zemen Mebacha: Yezemen Tarik Tizitaye Kayhutena Kesemhaut, 1896-1922 - Ayele Bekerie

Africans in Arabia Felix: Aksumite Relations with Himyar in the Sixth Century C.E., PhD Thesis (2011) - George Hatke (abstract)

Ethiopia: Judaism, Altars and Saints - Stuart Munro Hay

The Process of Caste Formation in Ethiopia: A Study of the Beta Israel (Felasha), 1270-1868 - James Quirin

Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia - Paul B. Henze

Languages and Cultures of Eastern Christianity: Ethiopian - ed. Alessandro Bausi

Political Theory and Ideology in the Kebra Nagast: Old Testament Judaism, Roman-Byzantine Politics and Ethiopian Orthodoxy - Benjamin Hendrickx (abstract)

The Ascent of Christian Law: Patristic and Byzantine Formulations of a New Civilization - John Anthony McGuckin

The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire - J. M. Hussey, Andrew Louth

Byzantium and the Arabs series - Irfan Shahid

The Empire That Would Not Die: The Paradox of Eastern Roman Survival, 640-740 - John Haldon

Byzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World - Youval Rotman and Jane Marie Todd

Athanasius of Alexandria and 'The Kingdom of the Desert' in his Works - Eirini Artemi (

Monks and Monasteries of the Egyptian Deserts - Otto F. Meinardus

Coptic Civilization: Two Thousand Years of Christianity in Egypt - ed. Gawdat Gabra

Two Thousand Years of Coptic Christianity - Otto F. A. Meinardus

The Scrolls of Bishop Timotheos - J. M. Plumley

The Reign of God Has Come: Eschatology and Empire in Late Antiquity and Early Islam - Stephen Shoemaker (

Seeing Eye to Eye: Islamic Universalism in the Roman and Byzantine Worlds, 7th to 10th Centuries, PhD Thesis (2010) - Olof Heilo

The Development of the Coptic Perceptions of the Muslim Conquest of Egypt, MA Thesis (2012) - Walid Mohamed Asfour

Coptic Conversion and the Islamization of Egypt - Shaun O'Sullivan

From Byzantine to Islamic Egypt - Maged S.A. Mikhail

Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt - Febe Armanios

The Perception and Presentation of the Arab Conquest in Syriac Historiography - Jan Van Ginkel (

Christianity and Monasticism in Aswan and Nubia - Gawdat Gabra

Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt, Vol. 1: Akhmim and Sohag - eds. Gawdat Gabra & Hany Takla

Christianity and Monasticism in Upper Egypt, Vol. 2: Nag Hammadi-Essa - eds. Gawdat Gabra & Hany Takla

The Monastic Holy Man and the Christianization of Early Solomonic Ethiopia - Steven Kaplan

Byzantium and Ethiopian Monasticism - Vaclav Jezek

Ethiopian Monasticism - Krzysztof Piotr Blazewicz

Ethiopian Monasticism, HMML Lectures, Paper 5 - Getachew Haile (abstract)

Founded by, Dedicated to, and Fighting About the Holy Savior: Schism in Wald ba, a Microcosm of Factionalism in the Ethiopian Church - Kindeneh E. Mihretie (

The Christianization and the Shaping of Ethiopian Society: From the Nine Saints to the Eight Monk Delegation at the [Roman Catholic) Ecumenical Council of Florence - Mario Alexis Portella (

Ethiopian and Eritrean Monasticism - Mario Alexis Portella (Roman Catholic Perspective)

Central Ethiopian Monasticism, 1974-1991: The Survival of an Ancient Institution in a Changing World, PhD Thesis - Joachim Gregor Persoon (abstract)

Traditional Teaching in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church - Christine Chaillot

Traditional Ethiopian Church School - Alaka Imbakom Kalewold

Kings and Saints: Founders of Dynasties, Monasteries and Churches in Christian Ethiopia - Alessandro Bausi (

Ezanas and Caleb, the Pair of Saintly Kings - Wolfgang Hahn, Proceedings of the XVth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies ed. Siegbert Uhlig

The Conversion of King Caleb and the Religious and Political Dynamics of Sixth-Century Ethiopia and Southern Arabia - Ralph Lee, in An Age of Saints? Power, Conflict and Dissent in Early Medieval Christianity - eds. Peter Sarris, Matthew Dal Santo and Phil Booth

The Chronicle of the Emperor Zara Yaqob (1434-1468) - Richard Pankhurst

Abba Estifanos (Hadege Anbesa), 1380 to 1450, Ethiopian Orthodox Church (Stephanite Movement) - Dictionary of African Christian Biography

The History of the First Estifanosite Monks - Getachew Haile

The Ge'ez Acts of Abba Estifanos of Gwendagwende - ed. Getachew Haile

The Faith of the Unctionists in the Ethiopian Church - Getachew Haile

Te-Abba Bahriy Dirsetoch Oromochin Kemimeleketu Leloch Senedoch Gara (The Works of Abba Bahriy and Other Documents) - Gatachew Haile (Amharic & English introduction)

Orthodox Faith and Political Legitimization of a 'Solomonid' Dynasty of Rulers in the Ethiopic Kebra Nagast: A Reappraisal - Pierluigi Piovanelli (

Pious Kings and Right-Believing Queens - Fr. James Thornton

Guardians of the Tradition: Historians and Historical Writing in Ethiopia and Eritrea - James De Lorenzi

Gebrehiwot Baykedagn, Eurocentrism and the Decentering of Ethiopia - Messay Kebede (abstract)

The Throne of Adulis: Red Sea Wars on the Eve of Islam - G. W. Bowersock

The Ethiopian Royal Chronicles - ed. Richard Pankhurst

The Royal Chronicle of Abyssinia, 1769-1840 - ed. Herbert Weld Blundell

Church and State in Ethiopia, 1270-1527 - Taddesse Tamrat

Priests & Politicians: Protestant & Catholic Missions in Orthodox Ethiopia - Donald Crummey

Gaining the Heart of Prester John: Loyola's Blueprint for Ethiopia in Three Key Documents - Matteo Salvadore

Muslim Partners, Catholic Foes: The Selective Isolation of Fasiladas's Ethiopia - Matteo Salvadore (

The Missionary Strategies of the Jesuits in Ethiopia (1555-1632) - Leonardo Cohen

Envoys of a Human God: The Jesuit Mission to Christian Ethiopia, 1557-1632 - Andreu Martinez D'Alos-Moner

Europe and Ethiopia's Isolation: The Ethio-Jesuit Paradigm Revised (16th-17th century) - Andreu Martinez D'Alos-Moner (

Paul and the Other: The Portuguese Debate on the Circumcision of the Europeans - Andreu Martinez D'Alos-Moner (

Christian Ethiopia: The Temptation of an African Polity - Andreu Martinez D'Alos-Moner (

Sisters Debating the Jesuits: The Role of African Women in Defeating Portuguese Proto-Colonialism in Seventeenth-Century Abyssinia - Wendy Laura Belcher (

Selected Latin Letters of the Jesuits in Ethiopia (1609-1641) - ed. Wendy Laura Belcher (forthcoming)

Ethiopia and the Missions: Historical and Anthropological Insights - eds. Verena Boll, Stephen Kaplan, Andreu Martinez d'Alos-Moner

A Story in Stones: Portugal's Influence on Culture and Architecture in the Highlands of Ethiopia, 1493-1634 - John Jeremy Hespeler-Boultbee

Discourse Against Catholic Doctrine in Tegray (Ethiopia): A Nineteenth Century Text - Stephane Ancel (

Legitimation Strategies in the Encounters between Missionary and Indigenous Christianity: Examining German Hermannsburg Mission's Narratives on the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (1924-1927) - Stanislau Paulau (

The Chronicle of King Susenyos trans. Alemu Haile: Book Review - Sisay Sahile Beyene (

Monks and Monarchs: Christological Controversy of the Ethiopian Church and Its Impact on the State (1632-1878), PhD Thesis, 2011 - Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie (abstract)

The Rise and Fall of the Solomonic Dynasty - Gizachew Tiruneh

The Kebra Nagast: The Glory of the Kings

The Kebra Nagast: New Translation - ed. Wendy Laura Belcher and Michael Kleiner (forthcoming)

The Fetha Nagast: The Law of the Kings

The Black Queen of Sheba: A Global History of an African Idea - Wendy Laura Belcher (forthcoming)

An Introduction to the Economic History of Ethiopia from Early Times to 1800 - Richard Pankhurst

Economic History of Ethiopia (1800-1935) - Richard Pankhurst

Land and Society in the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia - Donald Crummey

The Oromo and the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia, 1300-1700 - Mohammed Hassen

Eastern Christian Apocalyptic in the Early Muslim Period: Pseudo-Methodius and Pseudo-Athanasius (PhD Thesis) - Francisco Javier Martinez

The Legend of Sergius Bahira: Eastern Christian Apologetics and Apocalyptic in Response to Islam - Barbara Roggema

The Conquest of Abyssinia - Futuh Al-Habasa

The Glorious Victories of Amda Seyon, King of Ethiopia - G. W. B. Huntingford

The Encounter of Eastern Christianity with Early Islam - ed. Emmanouela Grypeou, Mark N. Swanson and David Thomas

Muslim Ethiopia: The Christian Legacy, Identity Politics and Islamic Reformism - Patrick Desplat

The Orthodox Church in the Arab World, 700 - 1700: An Anthology of Sources - eds. Samuel Noble and Alexander Treiger

Arab Orthodox Christians Under the Ottomans 1516-1831 - trans. Samuel Noble, Constantin Alexandrovich Panchenko

Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam - Robert G. Hoyland

The Armenians in the Medieval Islamic World: The Arab Period in Armnyah Seventh to Eleventh Centuries, Volume 1 - Seta Dadoyan

The Armenians in the Medieval Islamic World, Volume 2 - Seta Dadoyan

The Armenians in the Medieval Islamic World, Volume 3 - Seta Dadoyan

Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present and Collective Violence against the Armenians, 1789-2009 - Fatma Muge Gocek

The Middle East - Bernard Lewis

The Multiple Identities of the Middle East - Bernard Lewis

The End of Modern History in the Middle East - Bernard Lewis

Black Morocco: A History of Slavery, Race and Islam - Chouki El Hamel

The African Prester John and the Birth of Ethiopian-European Relations, 1402 - 1555 - Matteo Salvadore

The Goggam Chronicle - Girma Getahun

The Golden Age of the Moors - Ivan Van Sertima

Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1800 - John Thornton

Slavery, Family amd Gentry Capitalism in the British Atlantic - S. D. Smith

Slavery and the British Empire - Kenneth Morgan

Abolition! The Struggle to Abolish Slavery in the British Colonies - Richard S. Reddie

The Queen's Slave Trader: John Hawkyns, Elizabeth I and the Trafficking in Human Souls - Nick Hazlewood

An Anglican British World: The Church of England and the Expansion of the Settler Empire, c. 1790-1860 - Joseph Hardwick

A Cultural Sociology of Anglican Mission and the Indian Residential Schools in Canada - Eric Taylor Woods

Themes in African-Guyanese History - eds. Winston F. McGowan, James G. Rose, David A. Granger

Ethiopian Emperors and Slavery - Hanibal Goitam, Library of Congress

Slavery and French and Haitian Revolutionists - Anna Julia Cooper

The African Diaspora: Interpretive Essays - eds. Martin L. Kilson, Robert I. Rotberg

In the Shadow of the Plantation: Caribbean History and Legacy - Alvin O. Thompson

The Fetha Nagast and its Ecclesiology - Negussie Andre Domnic (Roman Catholic Perspective)

The Survival of Ethiopian Independence - Sven Rubenson

Islam in Ethiopia - J. S. Trimingham

Beleaguered Muslim Fortresses and Ethiopian Imperial Expansion from the 13th to the 16th Century, MA Thesis (2008) - Travis J. Owens

Ethiopia - The Era of the Princes: The Challenge of Islam and the Re-unification of the Christian Empire 1769-1955 - Mordechai Abir

Servants of Allah: African-Muslims Enslaved in the Americas - Sylviane A. Diouf

Imperial Legitmacy and the Creation of Neo-Solomonic Ideology in 19th Century Ethiopia - Donald Crummey

Yohannes IV of Ethiopia: A Political Biography - Zewede Gabre-Sellassie

Re-imagining Empire: Ethiopian Political Culture under Yohannis IV (1872-89), PhD Thesis - Izabela Orlowska (

Ras Alula and the Scramble for Africa: A Political Biography, Ethiopia and Eritrea, 1875-1897 - Haggai Erlich

The Battle of Adwa: Reflections on Ethiopia's Historic Victory against European Colonialism - eds. Paulos Milkias and Getachew Metaferia

Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society - Donald N. Levine

Early Twentieth Century Theological Controversies in Ethiopia: The Letter of the Coptic Metropolitan Petros of 1904 - Stephane Ancel (

Legacy of Bitterness: Ethiopia and Fascist Italy, 1934-91 - Alberto Sbacchi

The Massacre of Debre Libanos Ethiopia 1937 - Ian Campbell

The Addis Ababa Massacre: Italy's National Shame - Ian Campbell

Rodolfo Graziani: A War Criminal Who Escaped Justice - Kidane Alemayehu

Rodolfo Graziani: A Fascist Hero and the Butcher of Africa - Ghelawdewos Araia

Forgotten Voices of the Italo-Abyssinian War 1935-41 - Andrew Hilton

Intervening in Abyssinia - C.L.R. James

The Fascist Invasion of Ethiopia and the Papacy - Rev. Dr. Mikre Sellassie G. Ammanuel

Church and Missions in Ethiopia During the Italian Occupation - Rev. Dr. Mikre Sellassie G. Ammanuel

Slavery and the League of Nations: Ethiopia as a Civilised Nation - Jean Allain

Selected Speeches of His Imperial Majesty, Haile Selassie I, 1918-1967, especially Chapter XV - Culture, pp. 613 & Chapter XVI - Religion, pp. 625-643

A Glimpse of Greatness: Haile Selassie I - The Person - Abebe Ambatchew

Passion-Bearers - Orthodox Wiki

South Africa - Land of Martyrs - Abuna Yesehaq

Apartheid, 1948-1994 - Saul Dubow

White Supremacy: A Comparative Study of American and South African History - George M. Fredrickson

Precolonial Black Africa - Cheikh Anta Diop

A History of Pan-African Revolt - C. L. R. James

Bond Without Blood: A History of Ethiopian and New World Black Relations, 1896-1991 - Fikru Gebrekidan

Ethiopia Stretches Forth Across the Atlantic: African-American Anticolonialism during the Interwar Period - John Munro

Ethiopia is Now: J. A. Rogers and the Rhetoric of Black Anti-colonialism during the Great Depression - Aric Putnam

The Sons of Sheba's Race: African-Americans and the Italo-Ethiopian War, 1935-1941 - William R. Scott

In Recognition of the Abyssinian General - Robbie Shilliam

Intervention and Colonial Modernity: Decolonising the Italy/Ethiopia Conflict Through Psalms 68:31 - Robbie Shilliam

The Lion of Judah in the New World: Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia and the Shaping of American's Attitudes Tward Africa - Theodore Vestal

Black Experience and the Empire - eds. Philip D. Morgan and Sean Hawkins

The Colonial Caribbean in Transition - eds. Bridget Brereton, Kevin A. Yelvington

Africa's World War - Gerard Prunier

The World in World Wars: Experiences, Perceptions and Perspectives from Africa and Asia - eds. Heike Liebau, Katrin Bromber, Katherina Lange, Dyala Hamzah, Ravi Ahuja

Ethiopia: Power and Protest - Peasant Revolts in the Twentieth Century - Gebru Tareke

Class and Revolution in Ethiopia - John Markakis and Nega Ayele

Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia - John Young

Ethiopia: The Political Economy of Transition - Ghelawdewos Araia

King of Kings: The Triumph and Tragedy of Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia - Asfa-Wossen Asserate

Haile Selassie's Government (1930-1974) - Christopher Clapham

The Dying Lion: Feudalism and Modernization in Ethiopia - Patrick Gilkes

Haile Selassie, Western Education and Political Revolution in Ethiopia - Paulos Milkias

The Quest for Socialist Utopia: The Ethiopian Student Movement, c. 1960-1974 - Bahru Zewde

Addis Ababa University in the Shadow of the Derg, 1974-1991 - Randi Ronning Balsvik

The Orthodox Church and the State in the Ethiopian Revolution, 1974-84 - Haile Larebo

Christians in Marxist Ethiopia - Mikael Doulos

Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, 1960-1974 - Messay Kebede

Ideology and Elite Conflicts: Autopsy of the Ethiopian Revolution - Messay Kebede

To Kill a Generation: The Red Terror in Ethiopia - Babile Tola

From Gulag to the Killing Fields: Personal Accounts of Political Violence and Repression in Communist Countries - ed. Paul Hollander

The Last Post-Cold War Socialist Federation: Ethnicity, Ideology and Democracy in Ethiopia - Semahagn Gashu Abebe

Revolution and Religion in Ethiopia: The Growth and Persecution of the Mekane Yesus Church, 1974-1985 - Oyvind M. Eide

Witness and Discipleship: Leadership of the Church in Multi-Ethnic Ethiopia in a Time of Revolution: The Essential Writings of Gudina Tumsa, General Secretary of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (1929-1979)

Gudina Tumsa, 1929 to 1979, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus, The Voice of an Ethiopian Prophet - Dictionary of African Christian Biography

Christianity and Ethnic Tension: Lessons from Gudina Tumsa - Nebeyou Alemu (

Black Ethiopia: A Glimpse into African Diplomacy, 1956-1991 - Belete Belachew Yihun

Understanding Contemporary Ethiopia: Monarchy, Revolution and the Legacy of Meles Zenawi - eds. Gerald Prunier and Eloi Ficquet

Ethnic Politics in Ethiopia and the Church - Yoseph Shibeshi

Ethiopia: Competing Ethnic Nationalisms and the Quest for Democracy, 1960-2000 - Merera Gudina

The Invention of Ethnic Politics - Messay Kebede

The Politics of Metanoia: Towards a Post-Nationalistic Political Theology in Ethiopia - Theodros Assefa Teklu

The Paradox of Africa's Poverty: The Role of Indigenous Knowledge, Traditional Practices and Local Institutions - The Case of Ethiopia - Tirfe Mammo

Arrested Development in Ethiopia: Essays on Underdevelopment, Democracy and Self-Determination - eds. Seyoum Hameso and Mohammed Hassen

Church and State in the Orthodox World: From the Byzantine 'Symphonia' and Nationalized Orthodoxy to the Need of Witnessing the Word of God in a Pluralistic Society - Pantelis Kalaitzidis (

Syriac Writers on Muslims and the Religious Challenge of Islam - Sidney H. Griffith

Envisioning Islam: Syriac Christians and the Early Muslim World - Michael Penn

When Christians First Met Muslims: A Sourcebook of the Earliest Syriac Writings on Islam - Michael Penn

The Church in the Shadow of the Mosque: Christians and Moslems in the World of Islam - Sidney Griffith

Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Intefaith Relations in the Muslim Tradition - Yohanan Friedmann

Arabicization and Islamization: Eastern Christianity and the Appeal of Islam, 600-1500 - ed. David Thomas

The Dhimmi: Jews and Christians Under Islam - Bat Ye'or

The Decline of Eastern Christianity Under Islam: From Jihad to Dhimmitude - 7th-20th Century - Bat Ye'or

The Third Choice: Islam, Dhimmitude and Freedom - Mark Durie

The Encounter of Eastern Christianity with Early Islam - eds. Emmanouela Grypeou, Mark N. Swanson and David Thomas

Slavery, the State and Islam - Mohammed Ennaji

Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume 1 - Islam and the Ideology of Enslavement - John Ralph Willis

Islam's Black Slaves: The Other Black Diaspora - Ronald Segal

Race and Slavery in the Middle East: Histories of Trans-Saharan Africans in 19th Century Egypt, Sudan and the Ottoman Mediterranean - eds. Terence Walz and Kenneth M. Cuno

Open Wounds: Armenians, Turks and a Century of Genocide - Vicken Cheterian

Islamism in the Horn of Africa - Terje Ostebo

Radical Islam in East Africa - Angel Rabasa

Islamic Fundamentalism in East Africa: Ethiopia in Focus - Taye Bekalu Atnafu

Islamic Fundamentalism in Ethiopia - Ephrem Eshete (Amharic)

Islamic Fundamentalism in Ethiopia - Ephrem Eshete (Book Reviews)

The Conversion from Fanatic Islam to Christianity - Nahed Mahemud Mutwali (Amharic)

Muslim Religious Leaders on Ethiopian TV (August 2012) - Tecola W. Hagos

The ISIS Factor: What Islamic Jihad Means for Ethiopia and the Rest of Africa (September 2014) - Ghelawdewos Araia

Against Wahabism? Islamic Reform, Ambivalence and Sentiments of Loss in Harar - Patrick Desplat (

Kingdom of the Unjust: Behind the U.S, - Saudi Connection - Meda Benjamin

Boko Haram: Nigeria's Islamist Insurgency - Virginia Comolli

Ethiopia: Democracy, Devolution of Power & the Developmental State - Ghelawdewos Araia

Religious Freedom and the Political Order: The Ethiopian 'Secular State' and the Containment of Muslim Identity Politics - Jon Abbink

Religious Tolerance, Tensions between Orthodox Christians and Muslims in Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia - Haileyesus Muluken

A​ddis Ababa Public Space: An Arena for Religious Rivalry - Dr. Kindeneh Endeg

Ethiopia: Governing the Faithful, Crisis Group Africa Briefing, No. 177 (February 22, 2016) - International Crisis Group

Human Trafficking & Modern Day Slavery (Ethiopia) - Prof. Martin Patt

Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilizations Collide - Bat Ye'or

Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Ethiopia: The Messages of Religions - Haggai Erlich

The Cross and the River: Ethiopia, Egypt and the Nile - Haggai Erlich

Islam and Christianity in the Horn of Africa: Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan - Haggai Erlich

Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia: Islam, Christianity and Politics Entwined - Haggai Erlich

Islam in Black America - Edward E. Curtis

Islam is a Foreign Country: American Muslims and the Global Crisis of Authority - Zareena Grewal

The Planting of the Tabot on European Soil: The Trajectory of Ethiopian Orthodox Involvement with the European Continent (abstract) - Joachim Persoon

The Centralization Process of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church: An Ecclesiastical History of Ethiopia During the 20th Century - Stephane Ancel (

Territories, Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions and Centralization Process: The Improvement of the Ethiopian Patriarchate Authority (1972-1983) - Stephane Ancel

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in the Diaspora: Expansion in the Midst of Politics, Religion and Schism - Walle Engedayehu (opinion of the author)

'Neutral' Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Churches (EOTCs) in the Diaspora: Is it not High Time to Take a Principled Stand? - Walle Engedayehu (opinion of the author)

Ethiopia's Foreign Relations, Then and Now! (November 21, 2013) - Fisseha Tadesse Feleke

The EOTC Patriarchate - A Cause for Division (November 2012) - Teklu Abate

The EOTC at a Crossroads (November 2012) - Teklu Abate

EOTC Synod Renewed Its Failure - Teklu Abate

Towards a Fuller Vision: My Life & the Ethiopian Orthodox Church - Brahana Selassie

Wade in the River: The Story of African Christian Faith - Fr. Paisius Altschul

An Unbroken Circle: Linking Ancient African Christianity to the African-American Experience - ed. Fr. Paisius Altschul

What Happened to the Original Christian Unity in Ethiopia? Towards the Restoriation of our Original Unity in Christ - Petros S. Berga (Roman Catholic)

The Rebirth of African Orthodoxy: Return to Foundations - Thomas C. Oden

Bibliography on Christianity in Ethiopia, African Studies Center (2003) - J. Abbink

God's Empire: Religion and Colonialism in the British World, c. 1801-1908 - Hilary M. Carey

Slavery and the British Empire: From Africa to America - Kenneth Morgan

Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya - Caroline Elkins

Slave Religion: The "Invisible Institution" in the Atebellum South - Albert J. Raboteau

The African Diaspora: Slavery, Modernity and Globalization - Toyin Falola

North to Bondage: Loyalist Slavery in the Maritimes - Harvey Amani Whitfield

Canada's Forgotten Slaves: Two Centuries of Bondage - Marcel Trudel

The Hanging of Angelique: The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old Montreal - Afua Cooper

Capitalism and Slavery - Eric Williams

Sugar, Slavery and Society - ed. Bernard Moitt

American Catholics and Slavery, 1789 - 1866 - Kenneth J. Zanca

African American Religions, 1500-2000: Colonialism, Democracy and Freedom - Sylvester A. Johnson

Embracing Protestantism: Black Identities in the Atlantic World - John W. Catron

Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II - Douglas A. Blackmon

Viola Desmond's Canada: A History of Blacks and Racial Segregation in the Promised Land - Graham Reynolds

Viola Desmond's Canada - Teaching Guide

Racial Segregation in Canadian Legal History: Viola Desmond's Challenge, Nova Scotia, 1946 - Constance Backhouse

Africville: The Life and Death of a Canadian Black Community - Donald H. Clairmont and Dennis William Magill

This Benevolent Experiment: Indigenous Boarding Schools, Genocide and Redress in Canada and the United States - Andrew Woolford

Sacred Mission, Worldly Ambition: Black Christian Nationalism in the Age of Jim Crow - Adele Oltman

A Hundred Little Hitlers: The Death of a Black Man, the Trial of a White Racist and the Rise of the Neo-Nazi Movement in America - Elinor Langer

Cultural Power, Resistance and Pluralism: Colonial Guyana, 1838-1900 - Brian Moore

Order and Place in a Colonial City: Patterns of Struggle and Resistance in Georgetown, British Guiana, 1889-1924 - Juanita De Barros

Cross and Crown in Barbados: Caribbean Political Religion in the Late 19th Century - Kortright Davis

Jamaica: Debt and Poverty - Claremont Kirton

Dual Legacies in the Contemporary Caribbean: Continuing Aspects of British and French Dominion - ed. Paul Sutton

Never Forget: America's Forgotten Mass Lynching: When 237 Black Sharecroppers Were Murdered in Arkansas - Black Main Street

Under Sentence of Death: Lynching in the South - W. Fitzhugh Brundage

Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940 - Amy Louise Wood

Ethical Complications of Lynching: Ida B. Well's Interrogation of American Terror - Angela D. Sims

African Americans Confront Lynching: Strategies of Resistance from the Civil War to the Civil Rights Era - Christopher Waldrep

Lynched: The Power of Memory in a Culture of Terror - Angela Sims

The Promised Land: History and Historiography of the Black Experience in Chatham-Kent's Settlements and Beyond - eds. Boulou Ebanda de B'beri, Nina Reid-Maroney and Handel Kashope Wright

A National Crime: The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879 to 1986 - John S. Malloy

How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America - Manning Marable

Race, War and Surveillance: African Americans and the United States Government during World War I - Mark Ellis

Race and Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957 - Penny Von Eschen

An African Volk: The Apartheid Regime and Its Search for Survival - Jamie C. Miller

Biometric State: The Global Politics of Identification and Surveillance in South Africa, 1850 to the Present - Keith Breckenridge

Racial Matters: The FBI's Secret File on Black America, 1960-1972 - Kenneth O'Reilly

The Assassination of Fred Hampton - Jeffrey Haas

An Illusive Independence: Neocolonial Intervention in the Caribbean - Kevin Edmonds (

From Slavery to Mass Incarceration - Loic Wacquant

Marked: Race, Crime and Finding Work in an Era of Mass Incarceration - Devah Pager

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness - Michelle Alexander

Slaves of the State: Black Incarceration from the Chain Gang to the Penitentiary - Dennis Childs

Understanding Global Slavery: A Reader - Kevin Bales

Slavery, Migration and Contemporary Bondage in Africa - eds. Joel Quirk and Darshan Vigneswaran

Famine and Foreigners: Ethiopia since Live AID - Peter Gill

Unheard Voices: Drought, Famine and God in Ethiopian Oral Poetry - Fekade Azeze

People on the Edge in the Horn - Gaim Kibreab

Land Deals in Africa: Ethiopia - Oakland Institute

Grabbing Back: Essays Against the Global Land Grab - ed. Alexander Reid Ross

Land Grabbing: Journeys In The New Colonialism - Stefano Liberti

The Betrayal of Africa - Gerald Caplan

Two Revolutions Behind: Is the Ethiopian Orthodox Church an Obstacle or Catalyst for Social Development? - J. A. Loubser

The History of Ethiopian Immigrants and Refugees in America, 1900-2000: Patterns of Migration, Survival and Adjustment - Solomon Addis Getahun

Ethiopians in the Diaspora and Their Spirituality: The Influence of the Orthodox Church on Its Faithful - Moses Haregewoyn

Ghosts and Shadows: Construction of Identity and Community in an African Diaspora - Atsuko Matsuoka

The Black Jacobians: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution - C. L. R. James

Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution - Laurent Dubois

Haiti and the Great Powers, 1902-1915 - Brenda Gayle Plummer

The African Union's Africa: New Pan-African Initiatives in Global Goverance - eds. Rita Kiki Edouzie and Keith Gottschalk

Introduction: The Causes and Costs of War in Africa: From Liberation Struggles to the 'War on Terror' - Paul Tiyambe Zeleza, in The Roots of African Conflicts - eds. Alfred Nhema and Paul Tiyambe Zeleza

Decision in Africa: Sources of Current Conflict - Alphaeus Hunton

Death in the Congo: Murdering Patrice Lumumba - Emmanuel Gerald, Bruce Kuklick

The Intellectual and Political Legacies of Kwame Nkrumah - Ama Biney

Silent Accomplice: The Untold Story of France's Role in the Rwandan Genocide - Andrew Wallis

Rwanda and the New Scramble for Africa - Robin Philpot

Africa's World War: Congo, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Making of a Continental Catastrophe - Gerard Prunier

A People Betrayed: The Role of the West in Rwanda's Genocide - Linda Melvern  

Christianity and Genocide in Rwanda - Timothy Longman

Darfur: A 21st Century Genocide - Gerard Prunier

Slouching Towards Sirte: NATO's War on Libya and Africa - Maximilian C. Forte

Garvey, Garveyism and the Antinomies of Black Redemption - C. Boyd James

The Age of Garvey - Adam Ewing

An Act of State: The Execution of Martin Luther King - William F. Pepper

Afro-Caribbean Religions: An Introduction to their Historical, Cultural and Sacred Traditions (esp. Ch. 14: The Rastafari Chant) - Nathaniel Samuel Murrell

Visions of Zion: Ethiopians and Rastafari in the Search for the Promised Land - Erin C. MacLeod

Protest and Mysticism: The Rastafari Cult of Jamaica - Sheila Kitzinger (abstract)

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (EOTC) and the Challenges of Modernity - Stephane Ancel and Eloi Ficquet, in Understanding Contemporary Ethiopia - eds. Gerard Prunier and Eloi Ficquet

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church - Stephane Ancel, Giulia Bonacci and Joachim Persoon (

Ghetto: The Invention of a Place, the History of an Idea - Mitchell Duneier

The Twentieth Century: A People's History - Howard Zinn

Christianity and the Roots of Human Dignity in Late Antiquity - Kyle Harper, in Christianity and Freedom, Volume 1: Historical Perspectives - eds. Timothy Samual Shah and Allen D. Hertzke (

Christianity and Freedom, Volume 1: Historical Perspectives - eds. Timothy Samuel Shah and Allen D. Hertzke

Christianity and Freedom, Volume 2: Contemporary Perspectives - eds. Allen D. Hertzke and Timothy Samuel Shah

Christian Persecutions in the Middle East - George J. Marlin

The Oriental Orthodox Churches - Addis Ababa Conference, January 1965